On the Ulysses mission scientists gathered observations from the unexplored regions of the heliosphere. This book presents a highly readable and concise account of the results. The authors summarise our understanding of the area and provide the basis for understanding the more complex state of the heliosphere around solar maximum. The first chapter provides an overview of the region, introducing the heliosphere prior to the Ulysses mission, and mission objectives. Subsequent chapters discuss the areas of the heliosphere, large and small scale features, cosmic rays and energetic particles, and the observations of interstellar gas and cosmic dust.