The Convention on Biological Diversity is complex, particularly concerning the ownership and use of genetic resources. Despite this, countries are acting quickly on its provision granting them sovereign right to their genetic resources. This timely book seeks to review and synthesize the full range of issues involved, while focusing on the legal and economic aspects of sustainable use and transfer of these resources. Drawing on Articles 8, 9, 15, 16, 18 and 19, it carefully evaluates various choices facing scientists and policymakers at this critical time. It covers issues important to a wide range of disciplines, from economics and law to biological conservation, plant breeding, and biotechnology.